What is Human Trafficking?

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), first passed in 2000, defines human trafficking as:


Labor Trafficking

The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.

Sex Trafficking
The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for a commercial sex act, in which the act is induced by force, fraud or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age.

Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking

  • Any commercial sex act involving a US born minor or youth under the age of 18.

  • Local service providers use this term somewhat interchangeably with "child sex trafficking" and it can include up to age 24 from a service provision standpoint.


Our Coalition serves victims and survivors of both labor and sex trafficking through all stages of recovery.